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H.I.V. Is Reported Cured in a Second Patient

A patient in London is HIV-free, doctors announced this week in what appears to be an astounding case.

A patient who was diagnosed with HIV in 2003 has become the second patient ever known to be cured of the infection that affects close to 37 million people worldwide after receiving a bone marrow transplant intended to treat cancer, doctors say. The patient received the stem cell transplant from a donor with a rare CCR5 mutation that allows HIV resistance in May of 2016 to treat his Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

The London patient, who is remaining anonymous, also underwent chemotherapy. He took antiretroviral therapy drugs for HIV until September of 2017, doctors say. His drug regiment was much less harsh than the only other known patient who was cured of HIV.

He has been HIV-free, in remission, for 18 months, according to tests.

First person to be cured of H.I.V

Meet Timothy Ray Brown, also known as the “Berlin Patient.” He’s the only person in history who has been treated successfully for HIV—and it is all thanks to stem cells.

Brown was diagnosed with HIV in 1995. He had been taking anti-HIV drugs, or antiretroviral therapy (ART), for 11 years to control his infection before learning that he had developed leukemia. He was given chemotherapy but it failed, so physicians decided to proceed with a bone marrow transplant. The treatment successfully cured his cancer, but interestingly the virus dropped to undetectable levels in his blood and never bounced back, despite Brown ditching ART.

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